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Water Quality and Quantity Issues, News and Updates
Water, water everywhere --- and not a drop to drink...”
(from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
Water – Quality & Quantity – A Very Hot Topic
Updated January 2011
“Demand for water is projected to outstrip supply by a staggering 40 percent by 2030, and an estimated half the world’s population are likely to live in areas of high water stress by the same year” -- so states Paul Dickinson, Executive Chairman of the Carbon Disclosure Project in the CDP Water Disclosure 2010 Global Report. The situation is getting worse rather than getting better. The pressures of over-population, climate change and increased use per capita are all causing water stresses, although unevenly, throughout the globe.
Current impacted areas in the news include the Southwestern and Southeastern regions of the United States; China; India; Ireland; the Middle East region; Australia; and many countries in Africa. The threat has been recognized and throughout the globe and governments, corporations and activists groups are bringing the problem to the forefront and helping to craft and influence both short and long term solutions.
Since this section was first created in 1998, the editors have screened tens of thousands of articles and posted almost 1,000 stories, commentaries and reports. Water – quality and quantity is continuing to be a Hot Topic for AC readers. As many pundits are saying…water is becoming the new carbon.
In 2006 the United Nations World Water Development Report described the state of water on our planet as a “crisis of governance.” While the world appears to have enough fresh water supply today, the issue is one of governance, as in water distribution, management and quality control practices. Water quality appears to be degrading in many areas, our monitoring tells us, and water quantity (supply) is a huge issue in many of the world’s regions.
Due to a number of factors -- mismanagement, limited area resources, and environmental changes, some caused by climate change -- almost one-fifth of the planet’s population still lacks access to safe drinking water and 40 per cent of the world’s population lacks access to basic sanitation. Access to water is further restricted by national and governmental entities that regulate where the water flows, who has access and for what purpose the water is used.
Water is also used as an economic, health and environmental weapon by the “haves” over the “have-nots.” Governments “determine who gets what water, when and how, and decide who has the right to water and related services,” said the report authors. Water availability is also related to a range of issues intimately connected to water, from health and food security to economic development, land use, and the preservation of the natural ecosystems on which the water resources depend.
Water quality is declining in most regions of the Earth. Regional over- population, increased industrialization, absence of proper waste water treatment -- are all contributing to the emerging crisis. Poor water quality is a key cause of poor livelihood and health. An estimated 1.6 million lives (directly or indirectly connected to water quality issues and their related diseases) could be saved each year by providing more access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene to the world’s poorest regions.
Access to water is not only a Third World or emerging nations’ issue -- droughts in the U.S. Southeast and quantity issues in the Southwest and in California have brought conservation, control and distribution issues to the public’s attention in the past few years. Water in the United States is a key factor to residential and commercial development, economic stability and job growth – all issues which effect local and regional communities’ economic well-being. Water in the USA is critical to the health of agriculture and related industries. Corporations are in the spotlight for their use of water – advocates and third party researchers are developing “water footprints” (similar to “carbon footprints”) for leading companies, such as Coca Cola, Nestle and other water-intensive industries and sectors.
The Editors of Accountability Central work to bring the many facets of Water issues -- especially quality and quantity -- into focus with news, commentary and research. Education on the issues, public discussion and rising concern can help to bring about real and positive changes and sensible and fair solutions to the problems at hand. Perhaps this public forum can help in some small way. The Institute maintains a robust focus on water issues and the key players in its subscription Web-accessed knowledge management platform Sustainability HQ – click here for more information:www.sustainabilityhq.com.
Latest on Water - Quality & Quantity
September 5, 2014 Half of all Americans impacted by drought are in CaliforniaSource: Central Valley Business Times
The National Water and Climate Center says the 38 million people who live in California are joined by 35 million in other states who are living in a drought-affected area.
September 5, 2014 Limited water presents challenge for natural gas frackingSource: LA Times
Extracting natural gas for energy from shale rock deep underground requires lots of water, but much of the world's shale gas is in regions where water is already scarce, including part of California, according to a study issued...
September 4, 2014 Water Needs to be a Dedicated Sustainable Development Goal
iede.co.uk - UNITED NATIONS, Sep 02 (IPS) - Addressing delegates at the 24th World Water Week in Stockholm, the Executive Director of the îStockholm International Water Instituteî (SIWI) Torgny Holmgren said water...
September 4, 2014 US mulls methane limits for fracking operationsSource: Business Green
New rules forcing oil and gas producers to cut emissions of potent greenhouse gas methane could be introduced in the US, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) chief admitted yesterday. Gina McCarthy told a New York Forum...
September 4, 2014 Study: Global warming to heighten risk of Southwestern megadroughtsSource: Washington Post
Exceptional drought, the most severe category, afflicts over 58 percent of California. The current drought may be a mere sneak preview of longer lasting and more devastating drought in the coming century, according to a study...
September 4, 2014 North Carolina Is The New Ground Zero In The Fracking DebateSource: Forbes
North Carolina is already a hub for key industries such as finance, tech, health care, and medicine. Now, as the state is poised to begin taking part in the energy boom that has been an economic boon to a number of gas-rich...
September 4, 2014 Water Wars: Californians Stealing From Hydrants Amid DroughtSource: ABC News
The worsening drought in California is taking a toll on citizens, some of whom are stealing water in the middle of the night from fire hydrants, officials said.
September 3, 2014 Why 2014 is the year of the energy-water nexus
Green Biz - Held every year in Stockholm, Sweden, World Water Week is led by the îStockholm International Water Instituteî and serves as a platform for over 200 collaborating organizations and 2,500 participants from...
September 3, 2014 New Survey Of The Effects Of Climate Change On India's Water Supplies Offers Hope For Water Stressed Regions
wateronline.com - "It is critical that we adopt a multi-level approach to the problem of climate change and water management," says Dr. K Palanisami of the îInternational Water Management Instituteî and a coeditor of...
September 3, 2014 China has more shale gas than any other country. But getting it out of the ground could be disastrous
Quartz - Thereâs a catch, though. More than three-fifths of Chinaâs shale resources are in areas where water is very hard to come by, as a new study by îWorld Resources Instituteî details. Thatâs...
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