Stories Below come from our Media Partner 3BL Media - Click their logo or any of the stories for more information
Truth About Fracking
“Fracking” is the hydraulic fracturing process that involves injecting liquids into shale deposits deep underground; the intent is hydraulically fracture rock formations and release oil and gas found there. The process is accompanied by “horizontal drilling,” a relatively new process that enables drillers to get to shale deposits in a direction other than straight down from the drilling rig.
As a growing number of energy companies pursue this process to get to formerly-unavailable energy deposits deep in the earth, local communities are becoming more familiar with fracking and are responding to the practice. The growing public debate – at both local and national levels -- is in part about getting at domestic fossil fuel sources and lessen dependence on important oil and natural gas. And about creating new jobs and economic benefits in the regions where shale drilling takes place.
In some instances after the private property owner signs leases with oil and gas companies the after effects – the presence of drilling rigs, pumps and the like appearing on leased private property, at times too close to dwellings – has caused issues with landowners. To be sure, some landowners are happy to accommodate drillers and enjoy a cash stream of royalties. Farmers and ranchers look forward to these new revenue flows to cushion economic blows due to weather, downturns in commodity prices, or in 2012, and the possibility of reduced federal subsidies.
But other individuals and community leaders are looking not so positively at the presence of oil and gas drilling on their land and in their community. And this is especially true in areas where public and private water supplies may be threatened by sloppy processes, as has occurred.
Also, public land leases are being sought, which raises the level of debate in certain regions…”who” actually owns public lands such as parks, preserves and sanctuaries that may have shale deposits beneath the ground? What is the right of the public to be involved in decisions regarding leases?
Lately with media stories looking more closely at fracking, the public awareness of the liquids being pumped into the ground under pressure are also raising alarm – liquids used may or may not include hazardous waste chemicals, diesel oil and other unwanted substances in the local ecosystem. Greater transparency on the part of the industry would address these concern. Chemicals used in fracking can and may have entered public water supplies. (Mostly, we are told, possible because of improper cementing just below the ground where there are water tables present.)
Questions are being raised about the potential impact of fracking on human and animal health, on agricultural products (including surface crops as well as grape vines and other deep-rooted plant life).
Naturally, oil and gas industry leaders have responded, usually with arguments the growing need for domestic oil and gas resources, and the jobs that fracking will create or preserve (you’ve no doubt seen the advertising on national and local TV by industry associations). There is much less public communication from industry about the safety of fracking processes and the steps companies are taking to protect the ecosystem.
Energy industry experts point out that done properly, fracking should not affect water tables as the shale levels are deep beneath the ground; also, most chemicals used are not toxic waste. There are pro and con arguments about these positions. The fact is there are thousands of fracking wells drilled in the USA and in other countries.
The public debate on fracking in the USA now involves state regulatory officials, members of congress and other elected officials, public health professionals, environmentalists, academics, civil society organization leaders, industry oil and gas executives…and more.
The regulatory framework to oversee fracking is not necessarily clear. Recently The New York Times reported on the growing focus in Congress on fracking in a recent series. Part of the publication’s concerns are about permitting fracking near New York City’s upstate water supplies – in December 2011, Governor Andrew Cuomo is considering a “yes” or “no” in allowing fracking in New York State’s section of the Marcellus Shale deposits. Public rallies in upstate New York State areas attracted hundreds of local citizens in November, reflecting the local concerns about the practice.
Proponents of fracking were encouraged by the nomination by the Motion Picture Academy of Arts & Sciences nomination for the 2011 Academy Awards (the “Oscars”) for the anti-fracking documentary, “Gasland,” which is about fracking and human and community impact in the Marcellus Shale area (stretching through Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and into New York State).
This Hot Topic focus has been expanding as energy companies step up efforts to find new sources on US lands – mindful of exogenous events such as the cut-off of Middle East or other foreign oil that would put pressure on all sides as the nation’s leaders in the public and private sectors seek alternative energy sources.
The editors are collecting comments on Fracking (and other Hot Topics) from a wide range of sources in a best attempt to help our readers access as many views (perspectives) as possible. We welcome commentary on fracking, especially from local civic leadership, and from industry managers. Send comments to: email@example.com
December 1, 2011
Featured Fracking Commentators
Michael P. Benard Columns
Latest on Truth About Fracking
October 15, 2015 Fracking Study Ties Water Contamination to Surface SpillsSource: Inside Climate News
But the study found the contamination came from surface spills of hydraulic fracturing fluid, not fracking compounds that were injected deep underground. It also found the contamination levels likely were not a threat to human...
October 1, 2015 Judge in Wyoming blocks fracking ruleSource: The Hill
A federal judge has issued an injunction against new Department of Interior regulations for hydraulic fracturing on federal land.
September 22, 2015 New EPA rules threaten the Texas fracking boom
tribtalk.org - The United Nations î??Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changeî?? has also credited fracking with reducing emissions in the U.S., which has led the world in reducing CO2 in recent years....
September 21, 2015 How one US state went from two quakes a year to 585Source: Phys.org
The central US state of Oklahoma has gone from registering two earthquakes a year to nearly two a day and scientists point to a controversial culprit: wastewater injection wells used in fracking.
September 16, 2015 Water demand from fracking less than 1 percent of U.S. total: studySource: Reuters
Fracking by the U.S. oil and gas industry has increased the burden on the nation’s water resources, but still accounts for less than 1 percent of America’s total industrial water use, according to a paper by researchers at Duke...
September 8, 2015 Influential shale gas body 'is packed with pro-fracking supporters'
The Independent - She has given Commission officials until November to address the complaint, which was made by campaign groups Corporate European Observatory and î??Friends of the Earth Europeî??. > 1862
August 19, 2015 1,000 sq miles of England to be opened up for frackingSource: The Guardian
Large areas of Yorkshire, the north-west and the east Midlands are to be opened up to fracking after the government announced it will offer a fresh round of licences for oil and gas exploration.
July 24, 2015 Isaac Orr: No, fracking isn't causing earthquakesSource: Grand Forks Herald
The increase in earthquakes in these two states likely is due to the disposing of wastewater generated during the hydraulic fracturing process, not the fracturing process itself. The U.S. Geological Survey has stated, "Hydraulic...
July 20, 2015 What ever happened with Europe's fracking boom?Source: DM.com
The Netherlands has banned fracking until 2020. Over the past several years, a number of other European countries declared a ban on exploiting new natural gas deposits. So, is the apparent European shale gas boom over?
Source: The Guardian
The government has made a U-turn on its promise to exclude fracking from Britain’s most important nature sites, arguing that the shale gas industry would be held back if it was excluded from them.
Latest Tweets on Fracking
|HOME | ABOUT THE SITE | REGISTRATION INFORMATION | VOICES: FEATURED COMMENTATORS AND BLOGGERS | SPECIAL SECTIONS|