Stories Below come from our Media Partner 3BL Media - Click their logo or any of the stories for more information
Truth About Fracking
“Fracking” is the hydraulic fracturing process that involves injecting liquids into shale deposits deep underground; the intent is hydraulically fracture rock formations and release oil and gas found there. The process is accompanied by “horizontal drilling,” a relatively new process that enables drillers to get to shale deposits in a direction other than straight down from the drilling rig.
As a growing number of energy companies pursue this process to get to formerly-unavailable energy deposits deep in the earth, local communities are becoming more familiar with fracking and are responding to the practice. The growing public debate – at both local and national levels -- is in part about getting at domestic fossil fuel sources and lessen dependence on important oil and natural gas. And about creating new jobs and economic benefits in the regions where shale drilling takes place.
In some instances after the private property owner signs leases with oil and gas companies the after effects – the presence of drilling rigs, pumps and the like appearing on leased private property, at times too close to dwellings – has caused issues with landowners. To be sure, some landowners are happy to accommodate drillers and enjoy a cash stream of royalties. Farmers and ranchers look forward to these new revenue flows to cushion economic blows due to weather, downturns in commodity prices, or in 2012, and the possibility of reduced federal subsidies.
But other individuals and community leaders are looking not so positively at the presence of oil and gas drilling on their land and in their community. And this is especially true in areas where public and private water supplies may be threatened by sloppy processes, as has occurred.
Also, public land leases are being sought, which raises the level of debate in certain regions…”who” actually owns public lands such as parks, preserves and sanctuaries that may have shale deposits beneath the ground? What is the right of the public to be involved in decisions regarding leases?
Lately with media stories looking more closely at fracking, the public awareness of the liquids being pumped into the ground under pressure are also raising alarm – liquids used may or may not include hazardous waste chemicals, diesel oil and other unwanted substances in the local ecosystem. Greater transparency on the part of the industry would address these concern. Chemicals used in fracking can and may have entered public water supplies. (Mostly, we are told, possible because of improper cementing just below the ground where there are water tables present.)
Questions are being raised about the potential impact of fracking on human and animal health, on agricultural products (including surface crops as well as grape vines and other deep-rooted plant life).
Naturally, oil and gas industry leaders have responded, usually with arguments the growing need for domestic oil and gas resources, and the jobs that fracking will create or preserve (you’ve no doubt seen the advertising on national and local TV by industry associations). There is much less public communication from industry about the safety of fracking processes and the steps companies are taking to protect the ecosystem.
Energy industry experts point out that done properly, fracking should not affect water tables as the shale levels are deep beneath the ground; also, most chemicals used are not toxic waste. There are pro and con arguments about these positions. The fact is there are thousands of fracking wells drilled in the USA and in other countries.
The public debate on fracking in the USA now involves state regulatory officials, members of congress and other elected officials, public health professionals, environmentalists, academics, civil society organization leaders, industry oil and gas executives…and more.
The regulatory framework to oversee fracking is not necessarily clear. Recently The New York Times reported on the growing focus in Congress on fracking in a recent series. Part of the publication’s concerns are about permitting fracking near New York City’s upstate water supplies – in December 2011, Governor Andrew Cuomo is considering a “yes” or “no” in allowing fracking in New York State’s section of the Marcellus Shale deposits. Public rallies in upstate New York State areas attracted hundreds of local citizens in November, reflecting the local concerns about the practice.
Proponents of fracking were encouraged by the nomination by the Motion Picture Academy of Arts & Sciences nomination for the 2011 Academy Awards (the “Oscars”) for the anti-fracking documentary, “Gasland,” which is about fracking and human and community impact in the Marcellus Shale area (stretching through Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and into New York State).
This Hot Topic focus has been expanding as energy companies step up efforts to find new sources on US lands – mindful of exogenous events such as the cut-off of Middle East or other foreign oil that would put pressure on all sides as the nation’s leaders in the public and private sectors seek alternative energy sources.
The editors are collecting comments on Fracking (and other Hot Topics) from a wide range of sources in a best attempt to help our readers access as many views (perspectives) as possible. We welcome commentary on fracking, especially from local civic leadership, and from industry managers. Send comments to: firstname.lastname@example.org
December 1, 2011
Featured Fracking Commentators
Michael P. Benard Columns
Latest on Truth About Fracking
May 20, 2013 Energy Exports Are Good!Source: Joe Nocera, NY Times
What first caught my eye was the op-ed article in The Wall Street Journal. Published in late February, it was written by Andrew N. Liveris, the chairman and chief executive of the Dow Chemical Company. Liveris, an Australian, has...
Source: Christian Science Monitor
The Energy Department authorizes a second US terminal to export liquefied natural gas (LNG), ending months of speculation. LNG exports boost the prospects for domestic natural gas drillers and should help key allies, but they're...
May 17, 2013 Australia: The Regulation Of Unconventional Petroleum Exploration And Production In Western Australia
Mondaq - With Western Australia having one of the largest technically recoverable shale gas reserves in ... burgeoning unconventional petroleum industry and addressing concerns that exist in relation to the environmental impacts...
truth-out.org - Greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution in the atmosphere has now reached 400 ppm of carbon dioxide (CO2), the highest level since our hunter and gatherer ancestors evolved 200,000 years ago. We are now facing, even though...
May 17, 2013 The hottest North American shale plays
Resource Investor - Taken as a whole, shale plays may disappoint investors, with the exception of a few key plays like the Marcellus, the Eagle Ford and a few others. Rates of return may not meet expectations and some companies...
Source: Washington Post
The Obama administration drew criticism from both environmental and oil industry groups on Thursday after issuing a new draft of regulations for fracking on federal and Indian lands. In its first update of hydraulic fracturing...
May 16, 2013 U.S. boom transforming global oil trade
Mercury - The changes will have âsignificant consequences for the ... an energy security and research organization based in Paris that serves 28 oil-importing countries, including the U.S. The report does not address oil...
May 16, 2013 Hydraulic fracturing is a resource game-changer
The Daily Advertiser - A shale revolution, shale boom, achieving energy independence, energy security â these are all terms being used now. Why' The game changer is hydraulic fracturing. This practice, while not new, has...
May 16, 2013 Fracking hurts environment
Nashville Tennessean - After dismissing citizensâ well-documented fracking concerns, calling them âstupid,â the state facilitated the gas and oil industryâs takeover of the Water Quality Board, now renamed...
May 14, 2013 Why natural gas exports would benefit clean energySource: Christian Science Monitor
The renewable energy industry would benefit from higher natural gas prices since, as these fuels for electric power plants become dearer, renewable energy sources become more competitive, Cobb writes. Still, the renewable energy...
Latest Tweets on Fracking
|HOME | ABOUT THE SITE | REGISTRATION INFORMATION | VOICES: FEATURED COMMENTATORS AND BLOGGERS | SPECIAL SECTIONS|