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Truth About Fracking

“Fracking” is the hydraulic fracturing process that involves injecting liquids into shale deposits deep underground; the intent is hydraulically fracture rock formations and release oil and gas found there. The process is accompanied by “horizontal drilling,” a relatively new process that enables drillers to get to shale deposits in a direction other than straight down from the drilling rig.

As a growing number of energy companies pursue this process to get to formerly-unavailable energy deposits deep in the earth, local communities are becoming more familiar with fracking and are responding to the practice. The growing public debate – at both local and national levels -- is in part about getting at domestic fossil fuel sources and lessen dependence on important oil and natural gas. And about creating new jobs and economic benefits in the regions where shale drilling takes place.

In some instances after the private property owner signs leases with oil and gas companies the after effects – the presence of drilling rigs, pumps and the like appearing on leased private property, at times too close to dwellings – has caused issues with landowners. To be sure, some landowners are happy to accommodate drillers and enjoy a cash stream of royalties. Farmers and ranchers look forward to these new revenue flows to cushion economic blows due to weather, downturns in commodity prices, or in 2012, and the possibility of reduced federal subsidies.

But other individuals and community leaders are looking not so positively at the presence of oil and gas drilling on their land and in their community.  And this is especially true in areas where public and private water supplies may be threatened by sloppy processes, as has occurred.

Also, public land leases are being sought, which raises the level of debate in certain regions…”who” actually owns public lands such as parks, preserves and sanctuaries that may have shale deposits beneath the ground?  What is the right of the public to be involved in decisions regarding leases?

Lately with media stories looking more closely at fracking, the public awareness of the liquids being pumped into the ground under pressure are also raising alarm – liquids used may or may not include hazardous waste chemicals, diesel oil and other unwanted substances in the local ecosystem.  Greater transparency on the part of the industry would address these concern. Chemicals used in fracking can and may have entered public water supplies. (Mostly, we are told, possible because of improper cementing just below the ground where there are water tables present.)

Questions are being raised about the potential impact of fracking on human and animal health, on agricultural products (including surface crops as well as grape vines and other deep-rooted plant life).

Naturally, oil and gas industry leaders have responded, usually with arguments the growing need for domestic oil and gas resources, and the jobs that fracking will create or preserve (you’ve no doubt seen the advertising on national and local TV by industry associations).  There is much less public communication from industry about the safety of fracking processes and the steps companies are taking to protect the ecosystem.

Energy industry experts point out that done properly, fracking should not affect water tables as the shale levels are deep beneath the ground; also, most chemicals used are not toxic waste.  There are pro and con arguments about these positions.  The fact is there are thousands of fracking wells drilled in the USA and in other countries.

The public debate on fracking in the USA now involves state regulatory officials, members of congress and other elected officials, public health professionals, environmentalists, academics, civil society organization leaders, industry oil and gas executives…and more. 

The regulatory framework to oversee fracking is not necessarily clear. Recently The New York Times reported on the growing focus in Congress on fracking in a recent series.   Part of the publication’s concerns are about permitting fracking near New York City’s upstate water supplies – in December 2011, Governor Andrew Cuomo is considering a “yes” or “no” in allowing fracking in New York State’s section of the Marcellus Shale deposits.  Public rallies in upstate New York State areas attracted hundreds of local citizens in November, reflecting the local concerns about the practice.

Proponents of fracking were encouraged by the nomination by the Motion Picture Academy of Arts & Sciences nomination for the 2011 Academy Awards (the “Oscars”) for the anti-fracking documentary, “Gasland,” which is about fracking and human and community impact in the Marcellus Shale area (stretching through Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and into New York State).

This Hot Topic focus has been expanding as energy companies step up efforts to find new sources on US lands – mindful of exogenous events such as the cut-off of Middle East or other foreign oil that would put pressure on all sides as the nation’s leaders in the public and private sectors seek alternative energy sources.

The editors are collecting comments on Fracking (and other Hot Topics) from a wide range of sources in a best attempt to help our readers access as many views (perspectives) as possible.  We welcome commentary on fracking, especially from local civic leadership, and from industry managers.  Send comments to:


December 1, 2011



Featured Fracking Commentators

Michael P. Benard Columns
Speaker, Writer, Coach on Communications Issues
Blogger on Property Rights & Energy Industry
Former Director, Communications and Public Affairs, and Vice President, Eastman Kodak Company

Latest on Truth About Fracking

May 5, 2013 The other side of the fracking debate

Daily Progress - Consider Karnes County, Texas. A few years ago ... recently told Congress heâs so confident fracking fluid is safe that he drank some of it. At least one energy company has even developed fracking fluid...

May 4, 2013 Fracking Should Use More Recycled Water, Ceres Says

Environmental Leader - The report is based on well drilling and water use data from, collected on 25,450 wells in operation from January 2011 through September 2012, and water stress indicator maps developed by the...

May 4, 2013 'Things Could Get Ugly': Fracking Set to Escalate US Water Wars

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May 2, 2013 Hydraulic Fracturing: a Way to Go Greener'

AOL Travel News - îEPAî's Science Advisory Board will form an independent panel to provide transparent feedback on its 2014 draft report on hydraulic fracturing and its impact on drinking îwaterî...

April 30, 2013 Fracking: A silent death sweeps across the nation

Natural - (NaturalNews) Farmland is tainted. Drinking water turns flammable. And humans along with animals are sick. The cause' Fracking. It's terrorizing the environment, destroying the health of those who live close to...

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The Environmental Protection Agency has dramatically lowered its estimate of how much of a potent heat-trapping gas leaks during natural gas production, in a shift with major implications for a debate that has divided...

April 26, 2013 Don't let America get 'fracked'

Source: CNN

Even the heads of fossil fuel companies read the polls. They know the majority of Americans see global warming as an imminent threat and a clear sign that the way we use energy must change. But instead of offering the solar and...

April 25, 2013 Europe Struggles in Shale Gas Race

New York Times - âShale gas isnât a long-term solution to Europeâs energy security issues,â said Antoine Simon, a campaigner at the environmental group îFriends of the Earth Europeî in...

April 24, 2013 Shale gas could be lower carbon than imported fuel, say climate advisers


Shale gas extracted in the UK would be lower carbon than imported gas from countries such as Qatar, and help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions if well regulated, the government's chief climate change advisers have said.

April 23, 2013 Will Europe keep on fracking'

GlobalPost - shale gas campaigner for îFriends of the Earth Europeî. "The risks are way too high to be repeated in Europe," Simon said in a telephone interview. "It would be simple madness to go ahead considering all...

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Latest Tweets on Fracking

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  • RT @NYAgainstFRACK: Group of anti-#fracking protesters in Buffalo tonight. @TheBuffaloNews @TomPreciousALB @NYGovCuomo…
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    Maggie Bird
  • RT @1EarthMedia: BREAKING: Violent AGL Security Guards at Gloucester #CSG #ProtectGloucester #Fracking #NSWpol #AusPol #ASX $AGK #AGL http…
    Tracy Walker
  • RT @jchernandezjazz: #US Big Oil Spending Millions to Kill Local Anti- #Fracking Measure- commondreams - Santa Barbara County the site o… …
  • RT @1EarthMedia: Violent AGL Security Guards at Gloucester #4 #CSG #ProtectGloucester #Fracking #NSWpol #AusPol #ASX $AGK #AGL…
    Tracy Walker
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