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Truth About Fracking

“Fracking” is the hydraulic fracturing process that involves injecting liquids into shale deposits deep underground; the intent is hydraulically fracture rock formations and release oil and gas found there. The process is accompanied by “horizontal drilling,” a relatively new process that enables drillers to get to shale deposits in a direction other than straight down from the drilling rig.

As a growing number of energy companies pursue this process to get to formerly-unavailable energy deposits deep in the earth, local communities are becoming more familiar with fracking and are responding to the practice. The growing public debate – at both local and national levels -- is in part about getting at domestic fossil fuel sources and lessen dependence on important oil and natural gas. And about creating new jobs and economic benefits in the regions where shale drilling takes place.

In some instances after the private property owner signs leases with oil and gas companies the after effects – the presence of drilling rigs, pumps and the like appearing on leased private property, at times too close to dwellings – has caused issues with landowners. To be sure, some landowners are happy to accommodate drillers and enjoy a cash stream of royalties. Farmers and ranchers look forward to these new revenue flows to cushion economic blows due to weather, downturns in commodity prices, or in 2012, and the possibility of reduced federal subsidies.

But other individuals and community leaders are looking not so positively at the presence of oil and gas drilling on their land and in their community.  And this is especially true in areas where public and private water supplies may be threatened by sloppy processes, as has occurred.

Also, public land leases are being sought, which raises the level of debate in certain regions…”who” actually owns public lands such as parks, preserves and sanctuaries that may have shale deposits beneath the ground?  What is the right of the public to be involved in decisions regarding leases?

Lately with media stories looking more closely at fracking, the public awareness of the liquids being pumped into the ground under pressure are also raising alarm – liquids used may or may not include hazardous waste chemicals, diesel oil and other unwanted substances in the local ecosystem.  Greater transparency on the part of the industry would address these concern. Chemicals used in fracking can and may have entered public water supplies. (Mostly, we are told, possible because of improper cementing just below the ground where there are water tables present.)

Questions are being raised about the potential impact of fracking on human and animal health, on agricultural products (including surface crops as well as grape vines and other deep-rooted plant life).

Naturally, oil and gas industry leaders have responded, usually with arguments the growing need for domestic oil and gas resources, and the jobs that fracking will create or preserve (you’ve no doubt seen the advertising on national and local TV by industry associations).  There is much less public communication from industry about the safety of fracking processes and the steps companies are taking to protect the ecosystem.

Energy industry experts point out that done properly, fracking should not affect water tables as the shale levels are deep beneath the ground; also, most chemicals used are not toxic waste.  There are pro and con arguments about these positions.  The fact is there are thousands of fracking wells drilled in the USA and in other countries.

The public debate on fracking in the USA now involves state regulatory officials, members of congress and other elected officials, public health professionals, environmentalists, academics, civil society organization leaders, industry oil and gas executives…and more. 

The regulatory framework to oversee fracking is not necessarily clear. Recently The New York Times reported on the growing focus in Congress on fracking in a recent series.   Part of the publication’s concerns are about permitting fracking near New York City’s upstate water supplies – in December 2011, Governor Andrew Cuomo is considering a “yes” or “no” in allowing fracking in New York State’s section of the Marcellus Shale deposits.  Public rallies in upstate New York State areas attracted hundreds of local citizens in November, reflecting the local concerns about the practice.

Proponents of fracking were encouraged by the nomination by the Motion Picture Academy of Arts & Sciences nomination for the 2011 Academy Awards (the “Oscars”) for the anti-fracking documentary, “Gasland,” which is about fracking and human and community impact in the Marcellus Shale area (stretching through Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and into New York State).

This Hot Topic focus has been expanding as energy companies step up efforts to find new sources on US lands – mindful of exogenous events such as the cut-off of Middle East or other foreign oil that would put pressure on all sides as the nation’s leaders in the public and private sectors seek alternative energy sources.

The editors are collecting comments on Fracking (and other Hot Topics) from a wide range of sources in a best attempt to help our readers access as many views (perspectives) as possible.  We welcome commentary on fracking, especially from local civic leadership, and from industry managers.  Send comments to: info@accountabilty-central.com

 

December 1, 2011

 

 


Featured Fracking Commentators

Michael P. Benard Columns
Speaker, Writer, Coach on Communications Issues
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Former Director, Communications and Public Affairs, and Vice President, Eastman Kodak Company

Latest on Truth About Fracking

March 4, 2015 California shuts down oil wells to protect groundwater

Source: Myrtle Beach Online

A dozen wells used to pump oil-and-gas in California's Central Valley have been ordered to stop production to protect underground drinking-water from contamination, officials said Tuesday. The operators of 10 oil wells in Kern...

March 4, 2015 Ohio House bill would ease fracking in state parks

Source: Columbus Dispatch

Gov. John Kasich has used the back door to keep fracking out of Ohio state parks and forests. Now, the legislature is trying a side door to fast-track fracking on public lands.

March 2, 2015 Fracking boosters, foes ponder what’s next

Source: Democrat & Chronicle

The decision has reverberated from the state Capitol down Interstate 88 to the Southern Tier and beyond, leaving Diffendorf, Hamlin and the thousands of others who participated in the often-heated debate on shale-gas drilling to...

February 27, 2015 A lot of fracking questions in Kentucky

Source: State-Journal

While landowners pleaded to senators for a moratorium on fracking during a bill hearing to update regulations on oil and gas production, some later felt silenced at a permit hearing, which could allow the first deep-well...

February 24, 2015 Is Bolivia going to frack 'Mother Earth'?

Source: The Guardian

The momentum is building. Bolivia’s state oil and gas company YPFB announced in early 2013 it would begin studies to identify shale gas deposits, and in November that same year it gave a presentation in Santa Cruz on shale gas...

February 23, 2015 How Fracking Saved America's Economy While Helping The Environment

Source: Seeking Alpha

A combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracking has opened up oil and gas production from shale formations. Since the widespread adoption of fracking, American crude production (NYSEARCA:USO) has soared from just over

February 23, 2015 Bill would put moratorium on fracking

The Star Democrat and you - ANNAPOLIS â Environmentally stringent and costly drilling regulations are not enough to protect the publicâs health from hydraulic fracturingâs pollutants, according to a coalition of...

February 20, 2015 New York Towns Want to Secede and Join Pennsylvania

Source: US News

A handful of towns located in New York’s Southern Tier think they have a better friend in Pennsylvania – and are hoping to secede. According to reporting from WBNG-TV, 15 towns that are part of the Upstate New York Towns...

February 18, 2015 Ohio Supreme Court: State controls fracking

Source: Cincinnati.com

Certain local zoning laws can't be used to supersede Ohio's state-level system for regulating oil and gas drilling, a fiercely divided Ohio Supreme Court ruled Tuesday.

February 16, 2015 Tiny Quakes Linked to Fracking Raise Risks, Geophysicist Says

Source: NBC News

SAN JOSE, Calif. — Small earthquakes shaking Oklahoma and southern Kansas daily and linked to energy drilling are dramatically increasing the chance of bigger and dangerous quakes, federal research indicates

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Latest Tweets on Fracking

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  • RT @Frack_Off: 'Regulations' don't mean this can't happen .... 300 'Secret' toxic #fracking waste water pits http://t.co/58gl1utG4T http://…
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  • RT @Frack_Off: 'Regulations' don't mean this can't happen .... 300 'Secret' toxic #fracking waste water pits http://t.co/58gl1utG4T http://…
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    Gill Hickman
  • RT @martinezgajulio: No al #fracking en Castilla La Mancha. Firma http://t.co/OPfJ8iBChJ @frackingNOguada @FrackingNoo @EQUOCLM
    02:33
    may
  • RT @Frack_Off: 'Regulations' don't mean this can't happen .... 300 'Secret' toxic #fracking waste water pits http://t.co/58gl1utG4T http://…
    02:33
  • RT @Frack_Off: 'Regulations' don't mean this can't happen .... 300 'Secret' toxic #fracking waste water pits http://t.co/58gl1utG4T http://…
    02:32
    Jo Richards
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